With five national parks, two of which are designated World Natural Heritage Sites by UNESCO, and several wildlfe and bird sanctuaries, Assam is a blessed land for wildlife enthusiasts. At the heart of it's mind boggling biodiveristy is the rich topography of Assam with it's lush hills and valleys dissected by the majestic Brahmaputra and it's many tributaries. Assam is home to over 180 species of mammals, including rare and endangered species like the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, the royal Bengal tiger, the golden langur and hoolock gibbon, and a spectacular range of avifauna.

Assam's most famous parks are Kaziranga and Manas. Both were conferred Worl Heritage Status in 1985.